Students should arrive to perform a lab able to describe the goal of the lab and the methods that will be used. If data sheets are supplied as part of the lab, students should bring them to the lab.
If there are no data sheets supplied, students should arrive at the lab with a data template they created.
Laboratory reports - writing guidelines for engineering and science
General Tips:Reports should be written in third person GUIDELINES FOR WRITING LABORATORY REPORTS. 1. COVER PAGE. To aid the administration materials science and engineering. You should also introduce how you did the present your observations, data, and analysis of the data in a logical order, usually organized by the order in which you acquired the data..
Occasional usage of first person is allowed in order to alleviate overuse of the passive voice. Any figure or table that appears in the report should be numbered and referred to in the text of the report.
Many writing errors can be eliminated by reading the report out loud to oneself.
Title Page:This should include the title of the lab, course number, names of all members of the lab group, and the date on which the lab was performed.
How will they know what this report is about?Introduction:what you are trying to accomplish and why you are performing the experiment Sample Lab Report in the Writing Guidelines for Engineering and Science Students: guidelines to help students of science and engineering make their writing more efficient for others to read and to make the process of writing more efficient for them to perform..
Do not simply copy or paraphrase the lab handout.
Give a synopsis of what you did, why you did it, and major principles you employed to do it. Theory:This should explain the relevant theory that describes the physical principle of the lab. Equations should be properly numbered (in parentheses on the right margin), and all variables should be explained in the text. Be sure to properly document any derivations that are appropriate for the lab.
Prove you know the concepts behind what you used. You must do a little reading on the topic and put things into your own words. A nomenclature section as an Appendix can be referenced.
Measurement Methods (and spot checks):This should explain the measurement techniques, equipment used, and procedures to be employed in the lab. It is almost always desirable to do an analysis of some data points in the lab while the experiment is running.
A spot check permits you to see if the results make sense, or if the experiment is generating data that is obviously erroneous and either the experiment or your method of analysis needs correcting. Your prelab preparation should identify the relevant equations, along with the necessary unit conversions & constants to reduce in-lab time.
Then in the lab, you will only need to plug in your experimental values.
Lab reports - engineering communication program | engineering
During the lab, be sure to make a note of problems with the equipment, if appropriate and include this information in your final report. In a technical report, you summarize what you did in prose format.
You may use present or past tense, but be consistent. Give enough detail that a competent person could re-do exactly what you did and obtain the same results.
Make sure you mention all components used and how they were used. Analysis and Results:This section should summarize and display the results of the experiment.
This section should be purely factual, where the results are displayed primarily in the form of graphs Laboratory reports are written for several reasons. One reason is to communicate the laboratory work to management. In such situations, management often bases company decisions on the results of the report. Another reason to write laboratory reports is to archive the work so that the work will not have to be done in the .
Writing lab reports | english for engineers | university of southampton
Tables should be numbered, and have a title above.
Cite equations from previous sections as necessary. Figure axes should be properly labeled, with proper units.
If you have multiple trends to show, make sure to include a legend that compensates for black and white printing if you don’t have access to a color printer (ie, use distinct symbols)! Use linear or log scaling where appropriate. If you are going to comment on how two results compare then they need to be plotted on the same graph.
Combine them into composite figures for easy comparison. Introduce and discuss all tables and figures within text – do not just throw them in.
Use proper units and significant figuesDiscussion and Conclusion:This should examine whether the lab satisfied the stated purpose, and explain what you have observed and learned Provide succinct examples of writing engineering documents. ME Student Writing Guide. Lab Reports - 4. Lab Reports. I. Before you Begin. The severity of any task is lessened when you take a moment to understand the purpose of your following sections in this order: Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion..
Sample lab report #1 - writing guidelines for engineering and
What are the implications of your results? How could they be used in the future? What different methods could you use in the future? What parameters were more important in design, less important? Why?References:If you used information from external sources (ie, other than the lab manual or your own work), be sure to cite these references using appropriate bibliographic style. Quoting references without a proper citation is plagiarism.
Appendices:The raw data from the lab should be included in an Appendix. Sample Calculations can be included in an appendix.
Data tables that are not crucial to the discussion in the lab of the results but may be helpful to the reader as a reference can be included as an appendix. The use of appendices helps to unclutter the lab report.
Introduce each graphic before it appears in document. Readers will not know the purpose of a graphic until you tell them. NEVER include a graphic without mentioning it in the text.
Writing a lab report: get a professional lab report help
To avoid confusing people, don’t make your readers flip forward/backward unnecessarily.
Label each figure and table with a number and a caption Students should also be prepared to complete their spot checks as they perform the lab. An example lab report can be accessed here. General Tips: Reports should be written in third person. Occasional usage of first person is allowed in order to alleviate overuse of the passive voice. Any figure or table that appears in the .
Your graphic should be able to “stand” on its own – the reader may only see the graphic and caption… make sure they know what it means. Make sure the graphic is large enough to see clearly, and of high enough resolution. Seems obvious… but if your graphics aren’t 100% legible, they’re 0% useable.
Avoid cluttering the document with unnecessary graphics. As with any good thing, too much can be a problem. Use graphics to enhance understanding of material, In long reports, redundant pix can be moved to an appendix.
Further guidelines for presenting data (plots etc. Avoiding Plagiarism:It can be difficult when you’ve collected information from a variety of sources to avoid representing someone else’s words or ideas as your own. Please note, these are some examples of plagiarism:Copying a phrase, sentence or passage from a source and not giving credit to the original author;Summarizing or paraphrasing someone else’s ideas without acknowledging the source;Allowing someone else to write significant portions of your document for you without admitting the help;Forgetting to place quotations around another writer’s words;Copy/pasting figures, tables, equations without citation;Using values from books without citing the source.
Arriving at an understanding of the material which coincides with what others also understand is expected. The engineering concepts do not change over time.
Expressing your understanding in your own voice with your own words though is important. Thus, copying part of a lab from a previous year or from an online resource when it describes your understanding as well is still plagiarism.