POSTED: Monday, June 12, 2017 by Sarah SundinPerhaps nothing represents the community-minded patriotism of the US Home Front in World War II better than the scrap drive.
Seventy-five years ago, the United States began its first major national scrap drive – for rubber 9 Oct 2017 - If you're writing a research paper about World War II (or any other topic), you'll find this brainstorming list helpful. For example, it is common for the instructor to require a paper on a topic as broad as World War II, but you should know that the instructor will expect you to narrow your focus until your thesis is .
Enemy conquests cut off supplies of crucial raw materials such as tin and rubber, and the need for products made from these materials skyrocketed due to the war.
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Rubber DriveRubber was vital for war use, and acute shortages affected the United States from early in the war (See “Make It Do – Tire Rationing in World War II”). From June 15-30, 1942, the United States held a nationwide rubber drive.
People brought in old or excess tires, raincoats, hot water bottles, boots, and floor mats. Although 450,000 tons of scrap rubber was collected, used rubber was found to be of poor quality.
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In 1942 citizens scoured their homes, farms, and businesses for metal.
Housewives donated pots and pans, farmers turned in farm equipment, and children even sacrificed their metal toys Forces, Marine Corps, and Navy units and ships that fought in World War II. These records vary in arrangement, con tent, and completeness, but all focus on documenting unit/ship organization and operations. Only rarely do they include information about named individuals. In order to search these records, you will need to .
Many people removed bumpers and fenders from their cars for the war effort. Communities melted down Civil War cannons and tore down wrought iron fences, sacrificing their history for their future.
These drives were often great community events, with performers, speeches, and opportunities to throw your scrap metal at a bust of Hitler If the individual came home then his discharge papers will provide a lot of valuable information. If you do not have these papers you will want to contact the National Personnel Records Center To get this information you must fill out a Standard Form 180. To get a form, call the following numbers and leave your name and .
Make it do - scrap drives in world war ii - sarah sundin
Used aluminum was found to be useless for aircraft, but used tin, steel, and copper were easily melted down and reused.
Tin Can DrivesThe use of tin packaging was greatly reduced during the war, due to the use of alternative packaging materials and to rationing of canned goods. However, consumer use of tin continued throughout the war, and this irreplaceable resource needed to be recovered.
Most communities collected tin cans once a month.
In some towns, people places boxes of cleaned and crushed tin cans by the curb for collection, and other towns had central collection sites 6 Oct 2017 - 1 Home Sources; 2 Wiki Articles; 3 Family History Library Sources; 4 Social Security Death Index; 5 Discharge Papers; 6 Veterans Affairs Records; 7 Veterans Associations; 8 Personnel A typical card will list name, address, telephone, birth date, and place, next of kin, employer, and physical description..
Youth groups, especially the Boy Scouts, were highly involved in these drives. Paper DrivesThe need for paper increased during the war.
The military’s love for paperwork could be blamed, but the military also used lots of paper packaging for supplies.
On the civilian side, paper packaging had replaced tin for many products 12 Jun 2017 - Rubber was vital for war use, and acute shortages affected the United States from early in the war (See “Make It Do – Tire Rationing in World War II”). From June 15-30, 1942, The Boy Scouts and local schools organized regular paper drives, often coordinated with the tin can drives. The War Production .
A paper drive in mid-1942 brought in so much paper that mills were inundated and actually called for a stop.
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The lumber industry was hard-hit by the manpower shortage caused by the draft. Lumberjacks went on strike, demanding a higher meat ration, which they did not receive.
Many of these men left for higher-paying jobs in the defense industry. Publishers found their paper allotment cut by 15 percent.
Newspapers, magazines, and books were printed on fewer pages with thinner paper and narrow margins.
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The Boy Scouts and local schools organized regular paper drives, often coordinated with the tin can drives. The War Production Board started the Paper Troopers program, designed to sound like “paratroopers,” to involve schoolchildren in the effort.
Participants received arm patches and certificates for collecting certain amounts.
ResultsScrap drives were a vital part of the American war effort This guide will help you gain a general overview of the main sources of the information that exists, and where to find it. Second World War service records II for an interactive history of the conflict. Search the Times Newspaper Archive (£) and the British Newspaper Archive to view articles (£) about the Second World War..
While not all scrap materials proved useful, many did and provided a small but significant source of material. Most importantly, these drives galvanized the Home Front and made each individual, even children, feel like a crucial part of the war effort.
6 Responses to “Make It Do – Scrap Drives in World War II”Janice LairdGreat post! I remember reading a teen novel of my mother’s from that era in which there was a contest for the best scrap-collecting idea. The fashionable heroine challenged girls to collect used keys and to wear them on a piece of string as bracelets.
Finding information on personal participation in world war ii